What is CBD?

cannabidiol (CBD) molecule chalkboard

 

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a chemical compound that is highly prevalent in the cannabis plant.

It is a non-psychoactive compound that can be extracted in the form of an oil. This oil can be consumed as is or can be infused into a variety of products. Currently, CBD is being studied for a range of therapeutic effects. 

 

Summary of CBD Product Terms

Hemp - A variety of the cannabis plant species that is grown specifically for industrial uses. Hemp has low levels of THC and high levels of CBD and thus does not have psychoactive properties.

Cannabis - A genus (group) of flowering plants that include three different species: Cannabis sativaCannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa species.

Cannabinoid - A class of chemical compounds that react with our cannabinoid receptors.

Phytocannabinoid - A cannabinoid that is derived from a plant, namely, cannabis.

Cannabidiol - A non-psychotropic cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. Also referred to as CBD. 

Tetrahydrocannabinol - A main psychoactive cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. Also referred to as THC.

Psychoactive substance - A chemical substance that changes the function of the brain and creates an alteration in perception, mood, or consciousness.

Extraction - The action of removing the cannabinoids and flavors of hemp from the plant parts. 

Decarboxylation - A chemical reaction that requires heat to remove a carboxyl group and release carbon dioxide. The decarboxylation of CBDa (the precursor of CBD) to CBD “activates” the CBD. This allows us to experience the full benefits of CBD.

Infusion - The introduction hemp into another substance, such as food items or cosmetics.

Potency - The strength of a solution. Strength refers to how much CBD is in a product.

Concentration - The amount of a substance contained within a solution or in a particular volume of space.

Capsule - A small container that surrounds a supplement.

Concentrate - A concentrated form of hemp oil. Concentrates are oils extracted right from the hemp plant without additives.

Tincture - Liquid extracts that are taken sublingually.

Edibles - Food infused with CBD, such as chocolate or gummies.

Topical - Products applied directly to the skin, such as lotion or salve.

Sublingual - A solution applied underneath the tongue.

 

How to Find a Reputable Source

Before purchasing CBD oil, always confirm the source you are purchasing from is reputable. As the CBD market grows, so will the number of illegitimate sources. You can avoid these sources by looking for the following features. 

Sourcing 

Where hemp is grown can be an indicator of its quality. Hemp must be grown in specific conditions and with constant proper care. Hemp is a bioaccumulator, meaning that it pulls up any chemicals that are used in the growing process. Be sure to look for hemp extracts sourced from hemp that is grown without the use of any chemical fertilizers, herbicides, or pesticides. 

Extraction Method 

Hemp oil can be extracted a number of ways, but not all are equal. The highest standard of extraction of the CO2 method, which eliminates the need for using harsh chemicals. While this is a complex and costly method, it is the safest and cleanest method of extraction and ensures a quality CBD product. 

On the opposite end of the spectrum, some hemp oil producers use solvents like butane or ethanol to extract hemp oil. It is an effective method, but it strips the hemp oil of plant waxes that can be beneficial to the overall product. 

Testing 

Proper testing of CBD oil must be performed regularly in order to ensure potency and check for impurities. These tests confirm that the amount of CBD . They also confirm that the legal level of THC (0.3%) is not exceeded. Proper testing shows the company’s transparency in their practice.

The results of these tests can be found in the form of a COA, or a certificate of analysis. A reputable source will test consistently and should have a recent COA available to anyone who asks.

Ways To Take CBD 

Once you’ve determined that your source is reputable, the next step is to determine the best method depending on your needs and preferences.

CBD oil is a versatile ingredient and can be taken as is or can be infused into a variety of products. The method that you choose is determined by a number of preferences including the route of delivery, the speed of delivery, and the CBD base.

CBD oil is a versatile ingredient and can be taken as is or can be infused into a number of products. The product type that you choose is determined by a number of preferences including the route of delivery, the speed of delivery, and the CBD base.

The base of a CBD product will be either a Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, or CBD isolate. A whole plant hemp extract contains the full spectrum of the plant’s cannabinoids while a CBD isolate contains only pure CBD without any trace amounts of THC. CBD Isolates and Broad Spectrum CBD products are recommended if you don't want to worry about failing a drug test. Broad Spectrum products are made with CBD isolate with terpenes added back in for the "Entourage Effect" similar to full spectrum products, but without any trace amounts of THC. Your choice of CBD base will be determined by which cannabinoids you find most important for consumption. This can be discovered through the research of cannabinoids. 

 

CBD Hemp Oil Concentrates 

CBD hemp oil concentrates are potent CBD products. They are a thick oil extracted right from the hemp plant and contain no additives or extra ingredients. Hemp oil concentrates are taken sublingually, meaning that they are held under the tongue for 1-2 minutes and then swallowed. CBD concentrates are rich in phytocannabinoids and typically comes in different versions to cater to your cannabinoid preferences. At Green Rush Organics, we carry hemp oil concentrates by Made By Hemp and Pharma Hemp Complex. These concentrates are available in a Green, Blue, and Gold formulas.

cbd concentrates

Green: also called the Raw version, the Green hemp oil concentrate is extracted from the plant without the application of heat or filtering. The Green version is a full-spectrum, whole plant hemp oil with various cannabinoids and terpenes.

Blue: the Blue hemp oil concentrate is decarboxylated, which activates its phytocannabinoids. The Blue formula is a non-filtered hemp oil that offers the full spectrum benefits of CBD.

Gold: the Gold formula CBD concentrate is filtered to remove any extra plant parts. This results in the highest concentration of CBD available without the extra components of the hemp plant.

Hemp oil concentrates are fitting for those with serious wellness goals. For those that are most interested in gaining the benefits of phytocannabinoids, CBD hemp oil concentrates may be the right fit. 

Additionally, since this product is held under the tongue, it has a rapid absorption rate.

 

CBD Capsules 

CBD capsules are taken orally and have a familiar method of consumption. They are a hassle-free option that can be easily incorporated into your daily routine. Many add CBD capsules along with their other daily supplements.

cbd capsules

Since capsules travel through the digestive system, they have a slower release time than other methods. This is beneficial for those who wish to experience the benefits of CBD over an extended period of time. Since they are swallowed, capsules do not have a hemp aftertaste. Since they are not a liquid, capsules are very travel-friendly.

 

CBD Oil Tinctures 

CBD tinctures are a liquid hemp oil supplement with an oil base, which can include grapeseed oil or coconut oil (MCT Oil), to thin the consistency of the product. Similar to concentrates, tinctures are taken sublingually. They come in a bottle with a dropper top or spray for easy application.

cbd oil tinctures

For those who have difficulty taking a traditional pill, tinctures are a great alternative as they are easy to swallow. Tinctures are available in a variety of flavors, making for an enjoyable experience. Due to the fact that they are taken sublingually, tinctures are absorbed into the bloodstream quickly. Tinctures are a great fit for those who are looking for a fast-acting supplement available in different flavors.

 

CBD for Skincare 

CBDs skin care products include lotions, salves, lip balms and more. CBD skin care infusions are applied topically, meaning it us absorbed into the skin and does not reach the bloodstream.

cbd for skin care

CBD skin care products are an all-natural alternative to the chemical-heavy skin care products readily available on the market. At Green Rush Organics, we only carry CBD topicals that are made with all-natural and organic ingredients that replenish, restore, and protect the skin. CBD is an excellent source of antioxidants and other essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fatty acids.

 

CBD Edibles 

CBD edibles are tasty CBD infused treats such as chocolate, gum, and gummies. These products tend to have a lower potency of CBD and are popular with those that are new to CBD. Due to their similarity with everyday treats, edibles are a simple and discreet way to take CBD, especially if you are just beginning your CBD journey.

cbd edibles

 

How Much CBD Should I Take?

Unfortunately, there is not a standard amount of CBD that one should take. Based on your body and wellness goals, the serving size will vary. Determining how much CBD oil to take will be a process of trial and error until you find the perfect dose for you. 

 

Potency 

First, you’ll need to consider the potency of CBD in the product you are considering taking. Potency refers to the concentration of CBD in a product. After choosing the method you want to take CBD, you’ll need to decide the milligrams of CBD you will need. We are not doctors so we cannot prescribe what CBD dosage would be best for you. Please perform thorough research and consult with a physician if needed.

If you are looking to begin with a low potency CBD product, edibles or low CBD capsules are a great place to start. These products will lightly introduce CBD into your system. For a medium to high potency, tinctures and capsules will do the job. These products can be easily built up to create an ideal serving size. For the highest potency of CBD, concentrates are recommended.

 

Serving Size 

Once you have chosen the potency you’d like to use, we suggest starting with the serving size that is recommended by the manufacturer. This will serve as a starting point for comparison. Take the recommended amount for a week and then reflect on how you feel. If you are not achieving your desired results after a week, increase the serving size and continue your new routine for another week. Repeat this process until you feel that you have identified your proper serving size.

 

Setting a Budget 

When deciding which product to take, it is helpful to set a budget. For many, CBD is a recurring purchase. Determining how much you can afford to spend on CBD will help guide you to the product you wish to take.

When setting a budget, it is helpful to compare the price versus the value of a product. A product at a higher price may be a higher value depending on the CBD content. Some questions to ask when determining value:

  • How much CBD do I want to take daily?
  • How many servings does this product provide?
  • How much will each serving cost me?

As you discover which type of product works best for you, it will become easier to determine which product is the best value.

Still Have Questions?

We understand the process of finding the right CBD product can be confusing at times, so we hope this post is helpful. If you still have additional questions about buying CBD, we would love to chat! Email us at hello@greenrushorganics.com or click the live chat widget in the lower right-hand corner to send us a message.

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